Synergy of L-arginine and growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) stimulation of GH release: Influence of gender

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Laurie Wideman, Safrit-Ennis Distinguished Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: We test the hypotheses that 1) growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide-2 (G) synergizes with l-arginine (A), a compound putatively achieving selective somatostatin withdrawal and 2) gender modulates this synergy on GH secretion. To these ends, 18 young healthy volunteers (9 men and 9 early follicular phase women) each received separate morning intravenous infusions of saline (S) or A (30 g over 30 min) or G (1 µg/kg) or both, in randomly assigned order. Blood was sampled at 10-min intervals for later chemiluminescence assay of serum GH concentrations. Analysis of covariance revealed that the preinjection (basal) serum GH concentrations significantly determined secretagogue responsiveness and that sex (P = 0.02) and stimulus type (P < 0.001) determined the slope of this relationship. Nested ANOVA applied to log-transformed measures of GH release showed that gender determines 1) basal rates of GH secretion, 2) the magnitude of the GH secretory response to A, 3) the rapidity of attaining the GH maximum, and4) the magnitude or fold (but not absolute) elevation in GH secretion above preinjection basal, as driven by the combination of A and G. In contrast, the emergence of the G and A synergy is sex independent. We conclude that gender modulates key facets of basal and A/G-stimulated GH secretion in young adults.

Additional Information

AJP: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 279: R1455-R1466
Language: English
Date: 2000
male, female, pituitary, somatotropin, regulation, endocrine

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