Stress and burnout in NCAA Division I head women’s volleyball coaches

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kenneth Edward Murczek (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Diane Gill

Abstract: The role of the athletic coach is ever-changing and coaches must shift among instructor, mentor, friend, organizer, educator, and counselor roles (Lyle, 2002). The multiple roles a coach serves for the athletes and organization can create stress. Stress can lead to exhaustion and eventually over an extended amount of time lead the coach into burnout. Burnout is a multidimensional condition that affects those working in the human service occupations, such as coaching, in which day-to-day interpersonal interaction is an integral part of work (Maslach & Jackson, 1986). The objective for this project was to assess stress and burnout in NCAA Division I women’s volleyball coaches during their traditional fall season. Male and female head coaches (n = 120) completed an online survey that measured perceived stress and burnout. Additionally, the coaches identified their top three sources of the stress and the strategies they use for coping. The results showed that most (n = 85) NCAA Division I women’s head volleyball coaches scored in the moderate range (14-26) on the Perceived Stress Scale (M = 19.63) and also on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The MBI is broken down into three subscales of depersonalization (M = 6.64), personal achievement (M = 35.75), and emotional exhaustion (M = 21.58). Although the largest number of coaches (n = 45) were in the moderate range on emotional exhaustion, which is the main component of burnout, nearly one-third (n = 35) were in the high range. The responses to open-ended exploratory questions were organized and indicated that winning or losing created the most stress for coaches with physical activity being the most common method for coping. Perceived stress was positively correlated with both emotional exhaustion (r = .646) and depersonalization (r = .503) and negatively related (r = -.386) to personal achievement. While the current study focused specifically on one coaching demographic it provides a framework for future researchers to explore perceived stress and burnout with coaches of different sports and levels. [This abstract has been edited to remove characters that will not display in this system. Please see the PDF for the full abstract.]

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Burnout, Coaching, Stress, Volleyball
College sports $x Coaching $x Psychological aspects
Volleyball for women $x Coaching $x Psychological aspects
Volleyball coaches $x Job stress
Burn out (Psychology)

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