Impact of personality on burden of caregivers with aphasia

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Taylor Mashburn (Creator)
Institution
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site: http://library.wcu.edu/
Advisor
Leigh Odom

Abstract: The relationship between personality and caregiver burden in aphasia is thus far understudied, with most research being qualitative in nature (Gillespie, Murphy, & Place, 2010; N├Ątterlund, 2009). Further understanding personality could potentially impact the way we assess caregivers and use interventions to support someone with a high score in a personality trait. Using an online platform, this research explored the personality-burden relationship quantitatively using the M5-50 (Mccord, 2002) and the Caregiver Burden Scale (Zarit, Reever, & Bach-Peterson, 1980). Participants included unpaid caregivers of persons with aphasia recruited via paper or electronic invitation and provided to facilitators of aphasia support groups and speech-language pathologists analyzed from a sample of N=78. Data included an overall score of burden and five scores of personality (i.e., extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience). Pearson correlation was conducted to investigate the relationship between each of the five domains and the caregiver burden score. No statistical associations were observed. Even though it was not significant, the correlation between openness to experience and the caregiver burden score had a medium effect size (Cohen, 1988). Results of this study suggest that there is no relationship between personality and caregiver burden for caregivers of people with aphasia; the sample size and demographics (e.g., those participating in support groups) suggest that there are limited applications of findings to the aphasia caregiver population. Undoubtedly, the unpaid caregiver workforce is critical to managing the long-term consequences on society of stroke and aphasia. Further research needs to be conducted to further investigate personality and caregiver burden in a broader demographic to increase the likelihood of capturing applicable results, such as a longitudinal study database throughout different points in recovery and rehabilitation, as well as capturing those who refused treatment and do not have access to speech language pathologists.

Additional Information

Publication
Thesis
Language: English
Date: 2019

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