The Intersection Between Women’s Reproductive Desires and HIV Care Providers’ Reproductive Health Practices: A Mixed Methods Analysis

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Amanda Elizabeth Tanner, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Background: HIV-positive women in the United States can have healthy pregnancies and avoid transmitting HIV to their children. Yet, little is known about the extent to which HIV care providers’ reproductive health practices match women’s pregnancy desires. Accordingly, we explored young HIV-positive women’s pregnancy desires and reproductive health behaviors and examined reproductive health information offered by HIV care clinics. Methods: A mixed-method analysis was conducted using data from a 14-site Adolescent Medicine Trials Network (ATN) study. We conducted descriptive statistics on data from 25 HIV-positive women (e.g., demographics, pregnancy desires, and sexual- and health-related behaviors). Qualitative interviews with 58 adolescent and adult clinic providers were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Results: About half of the women reported using reproductive health care services (i.e., contraception and pregnancy tests) (n?=?12) and wanted a future pregnancy (n?=?13). Among women who did not desire a future pregnancy (n?=?5), three used dual methods and two used condoms at last sexual encounter. Qualitative themes related to clinics’ approaches to reproductive health (e.g., “the emphasis…is to encourage use of contraceptives”) and the complexity of merging HIV and reproductive care (e.g., “We [adolescent clinic] transition pregnant moms from our care back and forth to adult care”). Discussion: Despite regular HIV-related medical appointments, HIV-positive women may have unaddressed reproductive health needs (e.g., pregnancy desire with providers focused on contraceptive use). Findings from this study suggest that increased support for young HIV-positive women’s reproductive health is needed, including supporting pregnancy desires (to choose when, how, and if, to have children).

Additional Information

Maternal and Child Health Journal 22 (9): 1233-1239
Language: English
Date: 2018
HIV, Young women, Reproductive health, Pregnancy

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