A comparison of modeling, instructions and feedback in the development of three social responses of adult retardates

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Frank Wilson Gibson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
P. Scott Lawrence

Abstract: Both modeling and feedback procedures have been found to be effective in the modification of a wide variety of behaviors. Comparisons of these procedures applied either singly or in combination have been few and the results of these studies have been inconsistent. This investigation compared the relative efficacy of modeling and feedback procedures applied singly and in combination. Specifically, a modeling on video tape procedure and an instruction plus feedback procedure were compared. A combination procedure consisting of both modeling on video tape and instructions plus feedback was also compared to the procedures used separately. Comparisons were made of the effectiveness of these conditions in increasing the appropriate peer interaction of three retarded adults. Social interactions consisted of verbal, recreational, and cooperative responses. A counterbalanced, multiple baseline, experimental design was utilized. This design enabled treatment comparisons to be made within each subject's performance on the three responses. The design also allowed for comparisons of collateral changes accompanying training on each of the three responses.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1974
People with mental disabilities $x Behavior modification
Feedback (Psychology)

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