The positive self-evaluation of selected adolescents living in group care

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Punthip Bekanan (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Helen Canaday

Abstract: The study was conducted to examine the effects of the positive self-evaluation of others on the self-evaluations of the 120 subjects residing on the Mills Home Campus, Thomasville, one of the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina, Inc. Rubin's Self-Esteem Scale, which was developed by Roger Rubin, of the Pennsylvania State University in a Master's study with fifth and sixth graders in North Philadelphia, was used in the present study. Rubin's questionnaire is divided into four parts, each adapted by the author from other instruments designed to measure self-concept. Only parts II, III, and IV were used in the present study. Rubin's scales were administered to all population by their houseparents prior to the treatment. The treatment was conducted on the Mills Home campus. Subjects were randomly assigned into six experimental groups, each containing 20 subjects. Each of the experimental groups was given one of six positive self-descriptive paragraphs written by an imaginary pen pal in conjunction with Rubin's Self-Esteem Scale which was positively completed by a pen pal of different age levels: adolescent, adulthood or an older person. The subjects then wrote paragraphs describing themselves and completed Rubin's Self-Esteem Scale as the self-introductions to their pen pals. The data were analyzed in three phases: (1) the major analysis, a 3 x 2 x 2 factorial design was used to examine pre-post changes obtained from Rubin's scales produced by three factors: age of the models, sex of the models (opposite or same of subjects), and grade levels of subjects; (2) a oneway analysis of variance was used to examine effects of length of time subjects spent in the Mills Home on subjects' scores obtained from Rubin's Self-Esteem Scale; (3) a post-hoc multiple comparison procedure, the Newman-Kuels test was used to analyze differences between means of B Factor (age of models) because F value was significant at the .01 level of confidence.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1974
Self-esteem in adolescence
Group homes for teenagers $x Psychological aspects

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