The Grandmother Language: Writing Community Process in Jeannette Armstrong’s Whispering in Shadows

UNCP Author/Contributor (non-UNCP co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dr. . Jane Haladay, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP )
Web Site:

Abstract: In Whispering in Shadows, Jeannette Armstrong deftly employs non-standard English phraseology to convey Okanagan perceptions of the world. The author enacts a decolonizing process in her writing, exploring ways to evoke a proximate (but ultimately limited) experience of an Okanagan orality and world view in English. Penny Jackson’s sensibilities, which synthesize perceptions of sound, colour, and linguistic images as organically interrelated, are the primary manifestation of this process. The author's symbiosis of land, language, and community produces a creative well-spring, which encourages community-centered creative practices in keeping with the metaphoric implications of En’owkin, an Okanagan conception rooted in the belief that nurturing voluntary cooperation is essential for everyday living.

Additional Information

Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littérature canadienne [Online], 31.1 (2006)
Language: English
Date: 2006
Native Literature, Indigenous literature, Okanagan People, First Nations People, Aboriginal Peoples, Native American People, Perceptions of the World
Armstrong, Jeannette C.
Canadian literature -- Indian authors
Indians in literature

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