Oral Perception Of Liquid Volume Changes With Age

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gary McCullough Ph.D , Associate Dean (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Bolus volume has been widely studied, and research has demonstrated a variety of physiological impacts on swallowing and swallowing disorders. Oral perception of bolus volume has not, to our knowledge, been investigated in association with normal ageing processes. Research suggests many sensory changes with age, some within the oral cavity, and changes in swallowing function with age have been defined. The role of perception in oropharyngeal deglutition with age requires further investigation. The purpose of this study was to establish the psychophysical relationship between liquid volume and oral perception and examine changes with age. Healthy young and older adults were prospectively assessed using a magnitude estimation task differentiating five volumes of water deliveredrandomly to the oral cavity. Results suggest a fourfold increase in liquid volume is required by older participants to perceive an approximate twofold increase in the perception of volume compared with younger healthy adults. Sensory receptors in the oral cavity provide a feedback loop that modulates the swallowing motor response so that it is optimal for the size and consistency of the bolus. Changes in perception of bolus volume with age are consistent with other perceptual changes and may provide valuable information regarding sensorineural rehabilitation strategies in the future.

Additional Information

G.H McCullough, E Kamarunas, M, Mennimeier & T. Munn (2015) "Oral Perception Of Liquid Volume Changes With Age." Journal of Oral Rehabilitation volume 42 issue 9 pp.657-662 [doi: 10.1111/joor.12305] Version of Record Available from www.wiley.com
Language: English
Date: 2015
swallowing, deglutition, dysphagia, bolus volume, perception

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