Longitudinal changes in visual attention and EEG coherence: implications for the development of attention networks

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Margaret C. Whedon (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Susan Calkins

Abstract: Theoretical models of attention development have emphasized the role of neural networks in the emergence of attentional control towards the end of the first year of life. The current study aimed to assess the relation between neural network maturation and developing attention skills by examining changes in observed attention and EEG coherence across a short-term longitudinal study. Participants were 339 infants participating in a larger study; data was collected at 5 and 10 months of age. It was hypothesized that increases in frontal and fronto-parietal EEG coherence during this time would be positively associated with controlled attention behaviors at 10 months. Attention behaviors were coded using Video Coding System software developed by James Long Company. Results indicated that on average EEG coherence values were significantly greater at 10 months than at 5 months across multiple pairs. However, only for certain pairs were changes in EEG coherence significantly associated with changes in observed attention behaviors. Effect sizes were relatively small and do not provide strong support for the role or neural networks in developing attention skills. Results are discussed in terms of directions for future research.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Attention, Development, EEG coherence, Infancy
Attention in infants
Neural networks (Neurobiology)
Child development

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