Investigating intersubjectivity in peer-review-based, technology-enabled knowledge creation and refinement social systems

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dmytro Babik (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rahul Singh

Abstract: In peer-based knowledge creation domains, problem complexity and subjectivity of individual understanding impedes development of actors' competencies. Prior research remains ambivalent on whether interactions between peers lead to the development of shared, intersubjective, understanding about one's own and peers' competencies. On the one hand, actors may develop this shared understanding through social learning. On the other hand, due to the Dunning-Kruger effect, both less and more competent actors may persistently miscalibrate their own performance relative to peers. This dissertation examines how creation and evaluation competencies in peer-based social knowledge creation communities, where complex-problem social knowledge artifacts are produced, change and interact over time. It hypothesizes the existence of latent classes of longitudinal trajectories of creation and evaluation competency development, and convergence of these trajectories over multiple interactions, as intersubjective understanding emerges; moreover, their trajectories may be affected by the openness of peer groups. To investigate this research problem, a peer review system was designed, instantiated, and tested in a controlled experiment study. Findings support the existence of multiple latent longitudinal trajectories. Partial evidence of the peer group openness' effect on competency change over time was also found. Results indicate that longitudinal peer interaction patterns are very complex. Practical implications of these finding for various domains are discussed and directions for further investigation are proposed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Complex problems, Evaluation system, Intersubjectivity, Knowledge creation, Peer assessment, Peer review
Peer review
Problem solving $x Study and teaching
Educational psychology

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