Sex differences in listening comprehension.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kenneth Gruber, Evaluation Section Chair (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:

Abstract: In order to examine the effect of sex of the speaker on listening comprehension in a public speaking situation, 60 male and 60 female subjects viewed either a male or female speaker presenting a talk on either a masculine (chess), feminine (interior decorating), or neutral (snow skiiing) topic. The results supported the hypotheses that when a male speaks he is listened to more carefully than a female speaker, even when she makes the identical presentation. No differences were found when the topic was biased towards one sex; males were still recalled better than females. The above relationships were also true for male and female subjects; both recalled information more accurately from male speakers than from female ones. Rating of informativeness of the presentation showed no difference for sex of the speaker; but effectiveness ratings of the speaker indicated that while both male and female subjects rated male speakers equally effective, the same was not true for the female speakers. Male subjects rated the female speakers significantly more effective than they did male speakers, whereas female subjects rated male and female speakers equally effective.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1979
listening comprehension, public speaking, gender studies, gender differences

Email this document to