Nocturnal thoracoabdominal asynchrony in house dust mite-sensitive nonhuman primates

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Stephen Olmstead (Creator)
Shaun Reece (Creator)
Michael R Van Scott (Creator)
XiaoJia Wang (Creator)
Robert L Wardle (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site:

Abstract: Extracted text; Nocturnal bronchoconstriction is a common symptom of asthma in humans, but is poorly documented in animal models. Thoracoabdominal asynchrony (TAA) is a noninvasive clinical indication of airway obstruction. In this study, respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) was used to document nocturnal TAA in house dust mite (HDM)-sensitive Cynomolgus macaques. Dynamic compliance (Cdyn) and lung resistance (RL) measured in anesthetized animals at rest and following exposure to HDM allergen, methacholine, and albuterol were highly correlated with three RIP parameters associated with TAA, ie, phase angle of the rib cage and abdomen waveforms (PhAng), baseline effort phase relation (eBPRL) and effort phase relation (ePhRL). Twenty-one allergic subjects were challenged with HDM early in the morning, and eBPRL and ePhRL were monitored for 20 hours after provocation. Fifteen of the allergic subjects exhibited gradual increases in eBPRL and ePhRL between midnight and 6 am, with peak activity at 4 am. However, as in humans, this nocturnal response was highly variable both between subjects and within subjects over time. The results document that TAA in this nonhuman primate model of asthma is highly correlated with Cdyn and RL, and demonstrate that animals exhibiting acute responses to allergen exposure during the day also exhibit nocturnal TAA.

Additional Information

Journal of asthma and allergy; 3: p. 75-86
Language: English
Date: 2010
late phase asthmatic response, respiratory inductive plethysmography, nocturnal asthma

Email this document to

This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
Nocturnal thoracoabdominal asynchrony in house dust mite-sensitive nonhuman primates described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.