Historical Ecology of Striped Bass Stocking in the Southeastern United States

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jennifer Rebecca Woodroffe (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/
Roger A. (Roger Allen) 1951- Rulifson

Abstract: Striped bass (Morone saxatilis) is the most recreationally and commercially important non-salmonid fish species in the continental United States. As such it has been exploited to the point of collapse at various points throughout our Nation's history. The population crash of the 1980s made both fishers and fishery scientists aware of its sensitivity to overfishing and habitat degradation joining two disparate groups in a common cause with a common goal--recovery. Fishing moratoriums habitat restoration and intensive stocking efforts were utilized throughout the 1980s and 1990s in order to restore the severely depleted stocks of America's favorite fish. Research conducted during this study focused on the states of Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia and Florida at both the state and Federal level. Roanoke River/Albemarle Sound striped bass have been stocked throughout the United States particularly within the study area. This population has been artificially propagated since 1879 with the number of fry and fingerlings stocked numbering in the billions. The discovery of a self-sustaining land-locked population in the Santee-Cooper Reservoir renewed interest in this game fish spawning hatchery production in Virginia South Carolina Georgia and Florida as well as other states. Like the Roanoke River/Albemarle Sound population the Santee-Cooper population has been heavily stocked throughout the study area creating a potential loss of genetic integrity. Our awareness of the effects of cross-stocking different strains of striped bass has grown over the last 30 years and it is necessary to determine what the historical stocking record has been so that we might better manage future stockings with an eye to restoring native strains where they have been previously depleted or extirpated. Genetic work by other researchers has been hindered due to a lack of knowledge regarding the number and strength of the strains stocked. This study is an attempt to rectify that unfortunate imbalance. 

Additional Information

Date: 2012
Fisheries and aquatic sciences, Ecology, History of science, Cross-Stocking, Historical Ecology, Network Analysis, Stocking, Striped bass
Striped bass fisheries--United States
Striped bass--Habitat--Conservation--United States
Overfishing--United States
Freshwater habitat conservation--United States
Fishery management--United States

Email this document to

This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
Historical Ecology of Striped Bass Stocking in the Southeastern United Stateshttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/3835The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.