Effects of Task on the Activation of Predictive Inferences

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Douglas A. Waring Ph.D., Associate Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Research on the activation of predictive inferences has provided inconsistent results that may be explained within a contextual view of reading. The present study tested whether the type of test for explicit memory would affect the activation of knowledge-based predictive inferences. The information necessary for the activation of a predictive inference was provided to readers in four different conditions (no inference, local processing, global processing, coherence). Manipulation was accomplished by varying the type of question asked after reading the passage (verbatim, factual, or inference). Analysis suggests predictive inferences are automatically activated and nor affected by contextual factors such as the question. Consequently, the current data do nor provide clear support for a contextual view of comprehension. These conclusions are supported by a two-stage view of elaborative processing.

Additional Information

Waring, D.A., & Kluttz, C.L. (1998). Effects of task on the activation of predictive inferences. Psychological Reports, 83(3f): 1287-1296. (Dec 1998) Published by Ammons Scientific (ISSN: 0033-2941).
Language: English
Date: 1998

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