Compression Garments: Influence on Muscle Fatigue

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
N. Travis Triplett Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: This study assessed whether opposing compression forces produced by commercially available "compression shorts" affect the repetitive force production capabilities of the thigh muscles during repetitive open- and closed-kinetic-chain exercise tests. Twenty healthy young adults (10 men, age 25.2 ± 3.8 yrs; 10 women, age 23.2 ± 4.8 yrs) volunteered to take part in the study. All were recreationally trained and participated in both weight training and endurance training programs in their weekly exercise routines. Testing was conducted using a balanced and randomized treatment design with two experimental conditions consisting of compression shorts (CS) and control (no compression) shorts; thus all subjects served as their own controls. Testing consisted of 3 sets of 50 maximal isokinetic knee extension/ flexion movements at 180 degrees • sec-1 on a Cybex 6000 dynamometer and the maximal number of reps at 70% 1-RM using a Trusquat exercise machine. No Significant differences were found between the CS and control conditions in peak torque or total work performed in the isokinetic knee extension/flexion exercise or in max number of reps performed with the TIll-squat. The results indicate that compression garments made for longterm wear and commonly worn by athletes and fitness enthusiasts during training and competition do not contribute to any additional fatigue in repetitive high-intensity exercise tasks.

Additional Information

Kraemer, W.J., Bush, J.A., Triplett-McBride, N.T., Koziris, L.P., Mangino, L.C., Fry, A.C., McBride, J.M., Johnston, J., Volek, J.S., Young, C.A., Gomez, A.L., and Newton, R.U. (1998) Compression garments: Influence on muscle fatigue. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 12(4), 211-215. Published by National Strength and Conditioning Association (ISSN: 1533-4287). Original version available from publisher’s web site:
Language: English
Date: 1998

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