Examining The Relationship Between Anxiety And Test Performance: Is Personality A Moderator?

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jacob Leslie (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/
Yalcin Acikgoz

Abstract: The Big Five personality traits have been broadly researched within the literature for decades with emphasis on job performance, job satisfaction, anxiety, and academic achievement. The Big Five are now being examined in a more nuanced manner to increase the current body of knowledge and understanding surrounding these topics. Our current study examines the moderator effects the Big Five personality traits have on the test anxiety-test performance relationship. Participants were randomly assigned to a manipulated low, moderate, or high anxiety condition and asked to complete a task of alphabetizing sentences as quickly and accurately as possible. Two separate regression analyses were performed, one using the aforementioned ordinal anxiety variable the other measuring state anxiety, and both models produced partial support for our hypotheses. Specifically, low extraverted individuals were affected by anxiety more so than others and therefore performance suffered. Low emotional stability and low openness both demonstrated similar results to the previous findings but only within the model using measured state anxiety. A richer understanding of the role personality plays within this relationship requires a stronger anxiety manipulation, assessments of specific personality facets within the Big Five personality traits, and a diverse pool of testing situations, both academic and job oriented.

Additional Information

Honors Project
Leslie, J. (2021). Examining The Relationship Between Anxiety And Test Performance: Is Personality A Moderator? Unpublished Honors Thesis. Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.
Language: English
Date: 2021
Personality, The Big Five, Test Anxiety, Test Performance, Moderator

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