Prevention Of Type 2 Diabetes Among Youth: A Systematic Review, Implications For The School Nurse

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dr.. Dana Brackney, Assistant Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Childhood obesity and the early development of type 2 diabetes (T2 DM) place students at risk for chronic health problems. The school nurse is uniquely situated to promote school health initiatives that influence health behavior. The purpose of this review was to determine effective non-pharmacological interventions for prevention of T2 DM in youth. Researchers from 35 reports modified T2 DM risk factors. These non-pharmacological interventions often include increasing daily activity, decreasing caloric intake, and increasing muscle mass. Some researchers also included psychological and social support interventions intended to strengthen initiating and/or maintaining health behavior. Characteristics of effective non-pharmacological T2 DM prevention interventions are discussed. Findings from this review are a useful guide for the implementation of T2 DM prevention strategies in the school setting. Few school-based studies included high school students; therefore, further research is needed among older adolescents on the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in the high school.

Additional Information

Brackney, Dana & Cutshall, Michael. (2014) "Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Among Youth: A Systematic Review, Implications for the School Nurse.” The Journal of School Nursing Vol. 31(1) 6-21 [DOI: 10.1177/1059840514535445] Version Of Record Available At
Language: English
Date: 2014
diabetes, obesity, prevention, systematic review

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