Healthy Eating Index-2010 And Physical Activity And Disabilities Of Old Age

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Martin Root Ph.D, Associate Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Consuming a poor diet and being physically inactive may increase the risk of developing disabilities of old age. OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlations between Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) scores, physical activity levels, and disabilities of old age in a large biracial cohort. METHODS: The ARIC Study is a prospective cohort aged 45–64 years at baseline. Overall diet quality was assessed using the HEI-2010. A physical activity score was the sum of work, sports, and leisure. Activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and functional abilities were compared with HEI-2010 and physical activity by logistic regression 9 years after the baseline examination. RESULTS: Compared with the lowest quartile, quartile 4 healthier HEI-2010 scores showed an odds ratios of 0.76 (95% confidence interval 0.67–0.87) for functional disability, 0.89 (95% CI 0.75–1.07) for ADL disabilities, and 0.88 (95% CI 0.76–0.1.03) for IADL disabilities.Compared with the lowest tertile, tertile 3 of physical activity showed an odds ratios of 0.60 (95% CI 0.54– 0.67) for functional disability, 0.68 (95% CI 0.60–0.78) for ADL disabilities, and 0.53 (95% CI 0.47–0.60) for IADL disabilities. CONCLUSIONS: Healthier diet and higher physical activity were associated with lower levels of the disabilities of aging, particularly functional disability, at follow up.

Additional Information

Root, Martin M., Mark T. Nielsen, Timothy P. Smith, and Katelyn M. Meaux (2019). Healthy eating index-2010 and physical activity and disabilities of old age. Nutrition and Healthy Aging, vol. 5, no. 1, pp.61-69, 2019. DOI: 10.3233/NHA-170040. IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. This article is published online with Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC 4.0). Publisher version of record available at:
Language: English
Date: 2019
Healthy diet, exercise, activities of daily living, aging

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