Weight Loss Intention, Dietary Behaviors, And Barriers To Dietary Change In Veterans With Lower Extremity Amputations

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Erin Bouldin, Assistant Professor, PhD (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Obesity is thought to be highly prevalent in persons with lower extremity amputations (LEAs) and can impair physical and social functioning. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of weight loss intention, weight loss strategies, dietary patterns, and barriers to making dietary changes, and their associations with body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), amputation characteristics, health status, and socioeconomic factors. We conducted a cross-sectional study (n = 150) using data from a self-administered questionnaire. 43% of participants were obese and 48% were trying to lose weight; 83% of those trying to lose weight reported trying to “eat differently”, but only 7% were following a comprehensive weight loss program involving dietary changes, physical activity, and behavioral counseling. 21% of participants reported =6 barriers to changing their eating habits (e.g., habit, too little money, stress/depression). Obesity was associated with younger age, lower physical health scores, hypertension, arthritis, and diabetes. Compared to those not trying to lose weight, a greater proportion of those trying to lose weight had a BMI =35 kg/m2, age <55 years, higher physical and mental health scores, and more frequent consumption of vegetables, beans, chicken, and fish.

Additional Information

Littman, A.J. et al. (2015). "Weight loss intention, dietary behaviors, and barriers to dietary change in veterans with lower extremity amputations." Disability and Health Journal , Volume 8 , Issue 3 , 325 - 335. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.dhjo.2014.10.003. Publisher version of record available at: https://www.disabilityandhealthjnl.com/article/S1936-6574(14)00186-1/fulltext
Language: English
Date: 2015
Lower extremity amputation, Obesity, Diet, Weight loss, Veterans

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