The effects of musical ensembles-in-residence on elementary students’ auditory discrimination and spatial reasoning skills: A longitudinal study

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Daniel C. Johnson, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
Web Site: http://library.uncw.edu/

Abstract: The purpose of this longitudinal project was to investigate the effects of a program combining musical ensembles-in-residence with regular classroom music instruction on elementary students’ auditory discrimination and spatial intelligence scores. In combination with regular, sequential general music classes as part of their school curriculum, participants in the program received two half-hour lesson each week, from musical-ensembles-in-residence. These chamber ensembles provided aural models for reinforcing fundamental concepts for four consecutive years. Researchers collected data from a stratified, random sample of students in grades K-2 and 4-5 receiving the experimental program and demographically similar comparison schools, which did not receive any regular music instruction. A total of 684 elementary students in one school district in the southwestern United States served as participants in this study. Researchers found that the experimental program with the chambermusic ensembles was associated with consistent and significantly (p < 0.05) greater scores inboth auditory discrimination and spatial intelligence measures. Although these statistical results should be interpreted cautiously, implications for music education include promoting such an ensemble-in-residence program in conjunction with regular, sequential music instruction to benefit student learning. Future directions of this research include investigating the role of musically enriched school environments as a means of enhancing student learning

Additional Information

Publication
Johnson, D. C., & Davis, V. W. (2016). The effects of musical ensembles-in-residence on elementary students’ auditory discrimination and spatial reasoning skills: A longitudinal study. VRME, 28. Retrieved from http://www.rider.edu/~vrme
Language: English
Date: 2016
Keywords
Ensembles-in-residence, Elementary music education, Auditory discrimination, Spatial intelligence, Music—Instruction and study, Music coaching, Auditory perception in children, Auditory perception—Testing, Space perception in children
Subjects
Music—Instruction and study
Music coaching
Auditory perception in children
Auditory perception—Testing
Space perception in children

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The effects of musical ensembles-in-residence on elementary students’ auditory discrimination and spatial reasoning skills: A longitudinal studyhttp://www-usr.rider.edu/~vrme/v28n1/visions/Johnson_&_Davis_Effects_of_Musical_Ensembles.pdfThe described resource has a version, edition, or adaptation of the related resource.