Effects of Ethnicity and Sex on Life Expectancy in Southeastern North Carolina

UNCP Author/Contributor (non-UNCP co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Megan Withrow (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP )
Web Site: http://www.uncp.edu/academics/library

Abstract: I researched differential mortality among three ethnicities and sexes in Southeastern North Carolina. I identified 13 graveyards and cemeteries with one of the three racial demographics: Native American, Black American or White American. One graveyard was Native American, 4 graveyards were White American and 8 graveyards were Black American. I pooled data from graveyards of the same ethnicity. I analyzed 145 graves in each ethnicity category for a total of 435 observations. I took birth year, death year, and sex from tombstones. I computed age at death by subtraction. I subset the 435 observations into an Immature dataset (individuals of age<5) of 58 observations and an Adult data set of 377 observations. Age at death in Immature individuals was random with no pattern by sex or ethnicity. Adult age at death differed significantly by sex, as females lived longer than males regardless of ethnicity. Adult White Americans lived significantly longer than their Native American counterparts. Black Americans died at intermediate ages that were not statistically different from either White or Native Americans. I suggest several improvements in the research design that would produce better data.

Additional Information

Honors Project
Language: English
Date: 2022

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