Preventative Health Care Practices of Former Soviet Union Immigrant Women in Germany and the United States

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jie Hu, Associate Professor (Creator)
Luba "Louise" Ivanov, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Objectives: To examine the use of preventive health care practices of mammography, Pap smear, and breast self-exam in immigrant women from the former Soviet Union in Germany and the United States. Design: A descriptive cross-sectional exploratory study was used to examine the preventive health care practices of immigrant women in Germany and the United States. Sample: A convenience sample of 15 German immigrant women from the former Soviet Union were solicited from the Salztal Klinik in Germany and matched by age with 24 U.S. immigrant women from the former Soviet Union solicited from a community center for immigrants. Measurements: Data were collected using a demographic survey and the Language, Identity, and Behavior Acculturation Measure. Results: Significant differences were found between the German and U.S. immigrant groups in use of mammography (?2= 8.069, df = 1, p < .005) and Pap smear (?2= 7.245, df = 1, p < .008). Conclusion: The low use of mammography and Pap smear among German immigrant women may be related to differences in health care systems, age, and health beliefs. Further study is needed to determine the affects of age and health beliefs related to health promotion and disease prevention to better understand how to intervene and improve the health of immigrant women from the former Soviet Union.

Additional Information

Publication
Language: English
Date: 2010
Keywords
Prevention, health promotion, cancer screening, women’s health, immigrant women, nursing