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Impairment associated with symptoms of AD/HD, ODD, and mania in adolescence

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Allison C. Bray (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Advisor
Arthur Anastopoulos

Abstract: Diagnostic confusion surrounding AD/HD, ODD, and bipolar disorder in youth had led to research examining the symptoms that are unique to each condition, as well as symptoms that are shared among the disorders. However, limited research has assessed domains of functional impairment across these three conditions. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether symptoms of these conditions are differentially associated with impairment in various domains of functioning. Fifty-two parents from clinical and community populations completed measures of their adolescent's psychopathology and functional impairment. Symptoms of AD/HD were consistently the strongest predictor of academic, family, and overall impairment. Symptoms of ODD tended to predict interpersonal impairment, in terms of relationships with parents, siblings, and peers. Mania was a significant predictor of parent and peer impairment in post-hoc analyses. These results highlight the potential utility of functional impairment in distinguishing among these diagnoses, as well as the necessity for examining areas of impairment for assessment and intervention purposes.

Additional Information

Publication
Thesis
Language: English
Date: 2011
Keywords
ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, Impairment, Mania, ODD
Subjects
Oppositional defiant disorder in adolescence $x Diagnosis
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder $x Diagnosis
Manic-depressive illness $x Diagnosis
Mania $x Diagnosis
Adolescent psychopathology