Initiation and structure of the secondary vascular system in Phytolacca dioica L. (Phytolaccaceae)

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Bruce K. Kirchoff, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Phytolacca dioica (L.) is characterized by anomalous secondary thickening by means of supernumerary cambia. After a period of primary growth and the formation of an initial (normal) vascular cambium, supernumerary cambia are initiated outside of the primary vascular cylinder. The initiation of the first supernumerary cambium takes place through approximately the number of nodes equal to the denominator of the phyllotactic fraction characterizing a given axis. At each node a segment of supernumerary cambium is initiated opposite the leaf traces supplying the leaf inserted at that node. The segments of differentiated cambium arc preceded by regions of obliquely and antielinally dividing cells. In the single juvenile axis studied supernumerary cambial segments also appear above the node to the cathodic side of the entering leaf traces, and opposite the medullary bundle immediately anodic to these traces. Vascular eonnections among the primary and supernumerary vascular cylinders occur between leaf insertions on the same orthostiehy. The levels at which these connections oceur vary among stems. The switch from ordinary to anomalous secondary growth may be caused by a change in tissue response to stimuli produced by leaves.

Additional Information

Publication
Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2580-2586
Language: English
Date: 1984
Keywords
Phytolacca dioica, Supernumerary cambi