Effects of d-Amphetamine and Scopolamine on Activity Before and After Shock in Three Mouse Strains

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Douglas Wahlsten, Visiting Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: In three experiments the following results were obtained: (a) Activity was greater both prior to and following exposure to shock among C57BL/6J mice than in DBA/2J mice, which in turn was greater than that of A/J mice. (b) Scopolamine hydrobromide increased general activity in DBA/2 and A mice, but had either no effect or decreased activity in the C57BL/6 strain. Following exposure to shock, however, the disinhibitory effects of scopolamine were apparent in all three strains. (c) d-amphetamine increased activity in all three strains. Moreover, following a single shock d-amphetamine had excitatory effects among both A and DBA/2 mice such that activity exceeded the level observed with d-amphetamine alone. Following several shock presentations a small but significant excitation was observed in C57BL/6 mice as well. Data were interpreted in terms of disinhibitory and excitatory effects of scopolamine and d-amphetamine, respectively, as well as possible interactions between the catecholaminergic and cholinergic systems. In addition, implications for sources of strain differences in avoidance behavior are discussed.

Additional Information

Publication
Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 1975, 3, 819-824.
Language: English
Date: 1975
Keywords
Activity, Behavior genetics, Inbred strain, d-Amphetamine, Scopolamine, Stress