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Effect of Orthotics on Postural Sway Following Inversion Ankle Sprain

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David H. Perrin, Provost and Executive Vice Chancellor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Orthotic devices have been shown to successfully modify selected aspects of lower extremity mechanics and enhance foot stability during the support phase of running. It was hypothesized that orthotic intervention would relieve excessive strain on the ankle ligaments and reduce postural sway, especially in subjects with acute ankle sprains. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if orthotics would reduce postural sway in injured and uninjured subjects. Thirteen subjects with acute inversion ankle sprains and 12 uninjured subjects were assessed for postural sway on the Balance System under two treatment conditions (orthotic and nonorthotic) and four platform movements. A three-factor repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant group x treatment interaction, suggesting that postural sway with orthotic intervention improved significantly more in injured subjects than in uninjured subjects. A significant platform movement x treatment interaction, furthermore, revealed that postural sway for the four movement conditions was dependent upon treatment (orthotic vs. no orthotic). Tukey post hoc analysis revealed that orthotic intervention significantly reduced postural sway when the platform moved in the medial/lateral plane and inversion/eversion plane. This research suggests that custom-fit orthotics may restrict undesirable motion at the foot and ankle and enhance joint mechanoreceptors to detect perturbations and provide structural support for detecting and controlling postural sway in ankle-injured subjects.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 23:326-331
Language: English
Date: 1996
Keywords
Ankle Sprain, Orthotic, Postural Sway