Ethnic-racial socialization, proactive coping with discrimination, and Latinx youth’s psychological well-being

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Valerie V. Salcido (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Ben Dyson

Abstract: Ethnic-racial discrimination is a salient stressor for Latinx youth that has been associated with a myriad of negative mental health outcomes (Benner et al., 2018). Thus, there is an urgent need to understand how Latinx adolescents cope with discrimination and which strategies relate to psychological well-being, yet there is a dearth of knowledge in the coping literature on how minoritized youth cope with race-based stressors. Moreover, although coping has primarily been studied as a mediator or moderator between the relation of discrimination and health outcomes, less research has investigated the predictors of race-based coping. One factor that has accumulated theoretical support for predicting adaptive coping strategies in response to discrimination is parental ethnic-racial socialization, or the messages that parents communicate to their children about their race/ethnicity and culture. However, there are few empirical studies that have directly tested this link, and of those that have, most were conducted with Black samples. Accordingly, this study used multiple linear regression to examine concurrent and longitudinal relations between ethnic-racial socialization and proactive coping with discrimination and between proactive coping and lower anxiety and depressive symptoms in a community sample of 135 Latinx adolescents living in the southeastern U.S. Results indicate that cultural socialization but not preparation for bias was related to higher endorsement of proactive coping with discrimination. However, this effect was not found over time. Furthermore, proactive coping with discrimination did not predict lower symptomology concurrently but did predict lower depressive and anxiety symptoms six months later.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2022
Coping, Discrimination, Ethnic-Racial Socialization, Latinx, Mental Health, Youth
Hispanic American youth $x Mental health
Race discrimination $x Psychological aspects
Adjustment (Psychology) in adolescence
Hispanic Americans $x Socialization

Email this document to