Procedural justice in dispute resolution : effects of interrelatedness, trust and penalty on procedural preferences

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Maureen Aimei Wang (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
John J. Seta

Abstract: Five studies were conducted to (1) determine the roles which degree of interrelatedness (multiplex or simplex), level of trust (trusting and nontrusting), and size of penalty play in procedural preferences and to (2) investigate the use of the laboratory community for the study of dispute resolution. Interrelatedness alone was not responsible for producing differences in procedural preferences. Rather, it mediated the perceptions of the penalty and offense, with subjects in the multiplex communities perceiving the offense and penalties as more severe. Level of trust—regardless of the degree of interrelatedness—affected procedural preferences: subjects in the trusting communities were generally more nonadversarial than subjects in the nontrusting communities. Trust, however, interacted with the size of the penalty in two interesting ways. When subjects' perceptions of the offense and penalty were "anchored" by stating the offense explicitly and exposing subjects to all levels of the penalties, they became increasingly adversarial as the penalty increased.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1989
Dispute resolution (Law)
Procedure (Law)

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