Eating disorders, sex role identification, and assertion

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
James Davis Sullivan (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jack I. Bardon

Abstract: The current study was designed to investigate the possible connection between the eating disorder bulimia, women's sex roles in Western culture, and assertion. Literature was reviewed which suggested that a lack of assertion may be important in understanding the development of bulimia. Hence, the first purpose of the current study was to assess the relationship between bulimia and assertion. The literature also suggested that women's roles in Western society may be important in understanding the disorder. In this regard it was noted that three competing points of view exist in the' literature: (1) That bulimic women over identify With the traditional feminine role; (2) That they reject the traditional role; and (3) That they attempt to perfectly fulfill both the role of mother and the role of career woman, thus attempting to be "superwomen." The second purpose of the present study was to determine which, if any, of these theoretical positions was supported. Subjects for the study were randomly selected undergraduate females living in the residence halls at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. They were asked to fill out (1) the College Self-Expression Scale (CSES), a measure of assertion; (2) the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), a measure of eating concerns, behaviors and attitudes; (3) the Social Performance Survey Schedule (SPSS), a measure of social skills; and (4) the Job-Child (J-C) and Level of Involvement (LI) Scales, two measures of women's future plans for work and family.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1986
Sex role
Assertiveness (Psychology)

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