The effect of early manual communication on academic achievement and acquisition of linguistic ideas

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Douglas Scott Cutting (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Robin Pratt

Abstract: Deaf children of deaf parents (manual group) were compared with a matched sample of deaf children of hearing parents (oral group) on achievement test scores. The deaf children of deaf parents had early manual communication in the home as a result of such communication with their parents. The deaf children of hearing parents had no systematic communication until entering a school for the deaf at age five. The achievement test scores of the manual group were significantly superior (p<.05) to those of the oral group supporting the hypothesis that early communication of a manual nature improves academic achievement in deaf children. A second study compared these two groups with a hearing sample of the same age and sex on their ability to acquire complex linguistic ideas. Results indicated the hearing Ss were able to abstract linguistic information in a manner similar to that of adult Ss. Of the deaf groups, the manual group showed an ability to abstract on two of the three criteria specified by earlier studies, while the oral group showed less ability, performing similarily to hearing Ss on only one of the criteria. These results were interpreted as supporting previous reports that deaf children arc handicapped in their ability to abstract linguistic ideas due to their language deficiency. Children who have had early manual communication, however, have an improved ability to abstract linguistic ideas as well as improved academic achievement.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1971
Deafness in children $x Language $x Study and teaching (Preschool)
Deaf children $x Language $x Study and teaching (Preschool)
Deafness in children $x Education
Deaf children $x Education
Deafness in children $x Family relationships
Deaf children $x Family relationships

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