The effect of context-change on retrospective time estimates

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
James Ray Smith (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Lili Sahakyan

Abstract: Research using the list before last paradigm demonstrates that retrieval of a previously learned list (L0) between encoding of two other lists (L1 and L2) leads to forgetting of L1 -- an effect attributed to internal context-change (e.g., Jang & Huber, 2008; Sahakyan & Hendricks, 2012). In the current studies, I manipulated the nature of the material participants were asked to retrieve between L1 and L2 (Experiment 1), or the temporal distance between L0 and the remaining lists (Experiment 2) in order to examine whether such manipulations induce greater levels of context change. Specifically, in Experiment 1, some participants retrieved a previously encoded list of words (L0), whereas others retrieved a short video that they were exposed to earlier. In Experiment 2, L0 was studied either 1-hour or 14 days prior to the session where L1 and L2 were studied. To assess the magnitude of context change, both L1 recall accuracy and retrospective time estimates were analyzed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2014
Context, Memory, Retrospective, Time
Memory $x Research
Recollection (Psychology) $x Research

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