“The Insane and Other Defectives”: Dr. P.L. Murphy and the Enactment of the Colony System at the State Hospital in Morganton

UNCA Author/Contributor (non-UNCA co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kayla Cable (Creator)
University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA )
Web Site: http://library.unca.edu/
Daniel Pierce

Abstract: Dr. Patrick Livingston Murphy, the first Superintendent of the State Hospital at Morganton, helped revolutionize mental healthcare in North Carolina and thus transformed the facility into a lasting landmark. During his tenure, Murphy practiced moral treatments which took a more humanistic approach to mental healthcare and abolished the use of physical restraint. An example of one such exercise was the enactment of the Colony System, which incorporated agricultural activities as a therapeutic practice. Recent scholarship on this individual however, has failed to place Murphy in the proper context of his time. Therefore, it is the goal of this thesis to provide a corrective analysis of the life and accomplishments of Dr. Murphy, particularly his implementation of the Colony System which made the State Hospital a model institution into the present day.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2016
Patrick Livingston Murphy, mental healthcare, Colony System, therapeutic practice

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