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Inhibition of Striatal Dopamine Release by CB1 Receptor Activation Requires Nonsynaptic Communication Involving GABA, H2O2, and KATP Channels

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Patricia H. Reggio, Professor and Department Head (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: The main psychoactive component of marijuana, ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), acts in the CNS via type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs). The behavioral consequences of THC or synthetic CB1R agonists include suppression of motor activity. One explanation for movement suppression might be inhibition of striatal dopamine (DA) release by CB1Rs, which are densely localized in motor striatum; however, data from previous studies are inconclusive. Here we examined the effect of CB1R activation on locally evoked DA release monitored with carbon-fiber microelectrodes and fast-scan cyclic voltammetry in striatal slices. Consistent with previous reports, DA release evoked by a single stimulus pulse was unaffected by WIN55,212-2, a cannabinoid receptor agonist. However, when DA release was evoked by a train of stimuli, WIN55,212-2 caused a significant decrease in evoked extracellular DA concentration ([DA]o), implicating the involvement of local striatal circuitry, with similar suppression seen in guinea pig, rat, and mouse striatum. Pulse-train evoked [DA]o was not altered by either AM251, an inverse CB1R agonist, or VCHSR1, a neutral antagonist, indicating the absence of DA release regulation by endogenous cannabinoids with the stimulation protocol used. However, both CB1R antagonists prevented and reversed suppression of evoked [DA]o by WIN55,212-2. The effect of WIN55,212-2 was also prevented by picrotoxin, a GABAA receptor antagonist, and by catalase, a metabolizing enzyme for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Furthermore, blockade of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels by tolbutamide or glybenclamide prevented the effect of WIN55,212-2 on DA release. Together, these data indicate that suppression of DA release by CB1R activation within striatum occurs via a novel nonsynaptic mechanism that involves GABA release inhibition, increased generation of the diffusible messenger H2O2, and activation of KATP channels to inhibit DA release. In addition, the findings suggest a possible physiological substrate for the motor effects of cannabinoid agonist administration.

Additional Information

Publication
Neurochemistry International, 52(1-2), 80-88
Language: English
Date: 2008
Keywords
CB1 receptor, dopamine, striatum, volume transmission, hydrogen peroxide, ATP-sensitive potassium channel, brain slices