Attributional Style, Depression, and Self-esteem: Adult Children of Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Parents

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Ballard Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Undergraduate adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs; N = 57) were compared to children of nonalcoholic parents (CONAs; N = 100) on measures of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), self-esteem, and attributional style. ACOA status was determined using the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (Jones, 1981). ACOAs were found to have significantly higher scores on the BDI and to have significantly lower self-esteem, as measured by the Index of Self- Esteem, than CONAs. ACOAs were also more likely to have a depressive attributional style, in that they perceived failure as more internal, stable, and global than CONAs. Further, females had significantly higher BDI scores than males.

Additional Information

Bush, S., Ballard, M. E., & Fremouw, W. (1995). Attributional style, depression, and self-esteem: Adult Children of alcoholic and non-alcoholic parents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24(2): 177-185. (Apr 1995) Published by Plenum Press (ISSN: 1573-6601).
Language: English
Date: 1995

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