Effects of herbal products and their constituents on human cytochrome P4502E1 activity

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Nadja B. Cech, Associate Professor (Creator)
Kamalika Moulick (Creator)
Gregory M. Raner, Associate Professor and Graduate Director (Creator)
Yingqing Wang (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Ethanolic extracts from fresh Echinacea purpurea and Spilanthes acmella and dried Hydrastis canadensis were examined with regard to their ability to inhibit cytochrome P4502E1 mediated oxidation of p-nitrophenol in vitro. In addition, individual constituents of these extracts, including alkylamides from E. purpurea and S. acmella, caffeic acid derivatives from E. purpurea, and several of the major alkaloids from H. canadensis, were tested for inhibition using the same assay. H. canadensis (goldenseal) was a strong inhibitor of the P4502E1, and the inhibition appeared to be related to the presence of the alkaloids berberine, hydrastine and canadine in the extract. These compounds inhibited 2E1 with KI values ranging from 2.8 µM for hydrastine to 18 µM for berberine. The alkylamides present in E. purpurea and S. acmella also showed significant inhibition at concentrations as low as 25 µM, whereas the caffeic acid derivatives had no effect. Commercial green tea preparations, along with four of the individual tea catechins, were also examined and were found to have no effect on the activity of P4502E1.

Additional Information

Publication
Food Chem. Toxicol. 45:2359-2365 (2007). DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2007.06.012
Language: English
Date: 2007
Keywords
Echinacea, Cytochrome P4502E1, Hydrastis, Goldenseal, Spilanthes, Green tea