Self-Control Behind Bars: a Validation Study of the Grasmick et al. Scale

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Daniel S. Murphy Ph.D., Professor Emeritus (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Much empirical support of self-control theory is based on the 24-item scale conceptualized by Grasmick and his colleagues. This study examined the dimensionality of the scale. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analyses, and a structural equation model (SEM) produced results that are discordant with much prior research. The Grasmick et al. scale was not unidimensional, more complex theoretical iterations failed to meet most goodness-of-fit statistics, and considerable refinement via modification indices was needed before a measurement model that fit the data could be found. Further refinement is required to justify it as the quintessential measure of self-control.

Additional Information

Delisi, Mathew, Andrew L. Hochstetler, and Daniel S. Murphy. (2003) Self Control Behind Bars: A Validation Study of the Grasmick et al. Scale. Justice Quarterly, 20(2): 241-263. Version of record published by Taylor & Francis for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, (ISSN: 0741-8825) DOI: 10.1080/07418820300095521 (June 2003)
Language: English
Date: 2003

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