In vitro inhibition of human red blood cell acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by temephos-oxidized products

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mario Figueroa Saldivar, Adjunct Faculty (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Temephos (Tem) is an organophosphorus pesticide widely used to kill and prevent the growth of the main vectors for the transmission of dengue, zika, and chikungunya viruses. In chlorinated water, Tem is oxidized to its dioxon-sulfoxide (Tem-dox-SO), dioxon-sulfone (Tem-dox-SO2), and sulfoxide (Tem-SO) derivatives; however, these compounds are not commercially available to be used as standards and in toxicological studies. In the present study, we synthesized and characterized the Tem-oxidation products and the compound 4,4'-sulfinyldiphenol. These compounds were obtained by a simple reaction between Tem or 4,4'-thiodiphenol with sodium hypochlorite or potassium periodate, and were characterized by IR, NMR, and UPLC-HRESIMS. The in vitro evaluation of inhibitory potency of Tem-oxidized products on human red blood cell acetylcholinesterase (RBC AChE) showed that Tem-dox-SO2 was the most potent inhibitor of human RBC AChE, and its effect was more pronounced than that observed for ethyl-paraoxon, a potent typical inhibitor of AChE. An HPLC-DAD method for the analysis of metabolic products of Tem was developed, which may be useful for monitoring in biological and environmental samples. The ability of Tem-oxidized metabolites to inhibit human RBC AChE suggests that the addition of Tem to chlorinated drinking water could result in an increase in the risk of RBC AChE inhibition after exposure.

Additional Information

Scientific Reports 9, 14758
Language: English
Date: 2019
Temephos, metabolites, human RBC AChE activity, Tem oxidation products

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