Developmental changes in mnemonic organization in children

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Lee Bales (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Mary Geis

Abstract: The conclusion that organization is fundamental and necessary for recall performance has often been made by researchers who tested adult subjects. However, developmental studies in which category clustering and subjective organization were used as measures of mnemonic organization often failed to support, fully, the hypothesis that recall is dependent upon organization. A review of the literature concerning childrens' clustering organization and subjective organization indicated that the hypothesized relationship between organization and recall can be maintained, if traditional definitions of organization are expanded to include organization criteria other than conceptual ones. Organizational strategies of young children were described as relating to perceptual attributes of the experimental items more than to abstract conceptual attributes that have traditionally been designated as organization. Developmental changes in organization were discussed as evidence for a perceptual-conceptual continuum. It was also concluded that current information-processing models of memory, generated from research with adult subjects may be ineffective in accounting for developmental changes in information processing in children.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1975
Memory in children
Human information processing in children

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