Immunohistochemical detection of human basophils in late-phase skin reactions

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christopher Kepley, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Background: Human basophils are difficult to detect with classic histochemical stains at sites of allergic inflammation. The 2D7+ anti-basophil monoclonal antibody was used to identify basophils in skin during the late-phase response to a cutaneous allergen challenge. Methods: The 2D7+ monoclonal antibody was used on protease-digested sections of skin biopsy specimens obtained 6 and 24 hours after an allergen or buffer challenge. The skin chamber technique was used to compare buffer- and allergen-challenged sites at 6 hours, and intradermal injection of allergen was used to compare allergen-challenged sites at 6 and 24 hours. Results: Dramatic increases in the numbers of 2D7+ cells and in tissue staining by 2D7+ were observed 6 hours after allergen challenge compared with buffer challenge. Histamine levels in skin chamber fluid varied with 2D7+ cell concentrations. By 24 hours, 2D7+ cells and tissue staining appeared to diminish but were still detectable in the allergen-challenged sites. Basophils localized primarily in and around blood vessels, whereas mast cells remained mostly in the superficial dermis. Mast cells were 2D7- in both the allergen- and buffer-challenged skin. Metachromatic staining of 2D7 basophils with toluidine blue was absent in these tissue sections. Conclusions: The 2D7 monoclonal antibody provides a more sensitive and precise marker than histochemical staining for human basophil involvement during the late-phase response to an allergen challenge. Basophil infiltration was observed at 6 hours only after allergen challenge and persisted at similar levels by 24 hours.

Additional Information

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1998 Mar;101(3):354-62.
Language: English
Date: 1998
Basophil, mast cell, tryptase, Factor VIII, endothelial cell

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