Comparative effects of exercise reduction and relaxation training on type A behavior and dysphoric mood states in habitual aerobic exercisers

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Susan B. DeVaney (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
W. Larry Osborne

Abstract: This study investigated the comparative effects among habitual (chronic) aerobic exercisers of aerobic exercise reduction to comply with American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and relaxation training on four psychological variables: Type A behavior pattern (TABP), anxiety, depression and hostility. Fifty-seven adult male and female subjects who had averaged at least 6 weekly hours of aerobic exercise for a period of at least one year were interviewed and pretested for Type A behavior using the Jenkins Activity Survey and for anxiety, depression and hostility using the Profile of Mood States. After matching for amount of exercise, gender and age, subjects were randomly assigned to either a control group, an exercise reduction group (5 hours per week or less) or a 5-session relaxation-instruction group. Using pretest scores as covariates, a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) procedure was used to test for mean group post-test differences 10 weeks later. No statistically significant differences were found. Reducing exercise to comply with ACSM recommendations for frequency, intensity and duration of exercise had neither positive nor negative effects in terms of TABP or dysphoric mood states.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1990
Type A behavior
Exercise $x Psychological aspects
Aerobic exercises

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