DFT Mechanistic Investigation of an Enantioselective Tsuji–Trost Allylation Reaction

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mitchell Croatt, Assistant Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: A comprehensive mechanistic examination of an asymmetric palladium-catalyzed Tsuji–Trost allylation reaction that identifies the enantioselective step was completed utilizing DFT computational tools and the nudged elastic band method. Key components of the study include (a) plausible reaction pathways for the full interconversion of a square-planar palladium allyl enolate intermediate with low barriers relative to the subsequent enantioselectivity-determining reductive C–C coupling step, thereby disputing the previously identified mechanism, (b) a detailed analysis of the factors influencing the stereochemical control involved in forming the preferred configuration via the reductive C–C coupling step, (c) a comprehensive examination of the competing outer-sphere mechanism that includes a metal counterion as an escort to the nucleophile in order to modulate the effects of modeling the reaction step of oppositely charged species, and (d) examination of the possible role water plays in stabilizing a keto-coordinated adduct of PdII-?1-allyl, formed early in the catalytic cycle, relative to a carboxylate-coordinated adduct, the known resting state of the reaction. Barrier energies for the enantioselective C–C coupling are investigated with several levels of theory, and together they support a reaction mechanism consistent with the preferred formation of the correct enantiomer on the basis of the enantiomer of the ligand selected.

Additional Information

Organometallics 2018, 37, 3791-3802.
Language: English
Date: 2018
Tsuji–Trost allylation reaction, DFT

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