Development of the Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Quality Of Life Registry

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Lindsey Rosman (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site:

Abstract: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a relatively rare form of heart failure that develops in young women in the third trimester of pregnancy or during the postpartum period. Despite its potentially devastating impact on new mothers and their families, no prior studies have evaluated the extent to which PPCM and its treatment negatively affect survivors' long-term physical health and emotional recovery. The current study sought to develop a prospective online research registry to examine clinically relevant behavioral and psychosocial outcomes in women with PPCM. A conceptual model was also developed and used to evaluate predictors of depression. Seventy-five PPCM patients (mean age of 35.0 years, SD = 5.8 years) enrolled in the registry. Among PPCM patients in this sample, 35% endorsed symptoms of clinical depression which was associated with worse adherence to scheduled medical appointments. More than half the women in this cohort (52%) endorsed clinical levels of generalized anxiety. High levels of cardiac anxiety, good maternal social support, poor adherence to heart failure self-care behaviors and reproductive risk behaviors were also found. Finally, multivariate analyses revealed that physical health significantly predicted depression (p = 0.004). The addition of generalized anxiety and disease-specific distress to the regression model significantly increased R2 (p [less than] 0.001) and explained an additional 38.1% of the variation in depression. Demographic factors and disease severity were not significantly associated with depression. In sum, data from this study support the prevalence and persistence of adverse behavioral and psychosocial outcomes in women with PPCM. Further research, assessment and intervention is warranted to facilitate patient education and improve patient care.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2016
Heart failure, Peripartum cardiomyopathy
Puerperium--Psychological aspects; Puerperium--Physiological aspects; Myocardium--Diseases--Psychological aspects

Email this document to

This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
Development of the Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Quality Of Life Registry described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.