Defining the Role of the C-Terminal Region of Troponin T by Analysis of a Series of Truncation Mutants

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dylan James Johnson (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: "Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other cardiovascular diseases result from mutations of any of the contractile proteins. Mutations within the actin binding regulatory complex of proteins, including tropomyosin (Tm) and the three subunits of the troponin (Tn) complex (TnI, TnC, and TnT), change the operation of the Ca2+ dependent 3-way switch that controls movement. The Δ14-TnT mutation, which is missing the last 14 residues of its C-terminus, is particularly important as it leads to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and early sudden death. Our laboratory found that incorporation of Δ14-TnT into the regulatory complex stabilizes the open (M) state and removes the blocked (B) state from the actin state distribution. This suggests the last fourteen residues of the C-terminus of TnT are essential in maintaining the open state and the blocked state of the thin filament. This function had not previously been attributed to TnT. Our lab aims to identify the key residues of TnT that are responsible for normal state distribution. This information will allow us to identify possible mechanisms of action of TnT and would facilitate the design of treatments of myopathies. We prepared truncation mutants of TnT that included Δ4, Δ6, Δ8, Δ10 and Δ14. We utilized two stopped flow kinetic assays and an ATPase assay to determine the effect of these deletions on the state distributions. Each assay supported the idea that successive deletions resulted in further diminished function. We conclude that all of the fourteen residues of the TnT C-terminus contribute to a similar extent to the function."

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2016
TnT, troponin, cardiomyopathy
Mutation (Biology); Tropomyosins--Analysis; Proteins--Analysis; Heart--Hypertrophy; Cardiovascular system--Diseases

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