Covert positive reinforcement in the treatment of nailbiting : target-relevant versus target-irrelevant consequences

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Linda Swetlow Meade (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rosemery Nelson

Abstract: Clinicians working within a behavioral framework are frequently criticized for ignoring the role of cognitive-symbolic processes in the formulation and remediation of clinical problems. With the emergence of what some have termed the "new cognitive trend in behavior therapy," however, cognitive processes are acquiring a central role as explanatory constructs in behavioral analysis (e.g., Mahoney, 1974). Cognitive behavior therapies (e.g., covert positive reinforcement), which involve applying strategies found to be successful in modifying overt behavior to covert behavior, are increasing in popularity. The empirical evidence related to the outcome of cognitive behavior modification techniques is difficult to interpret. Therapeutic results have sometimes been reported as only marginally successful and at other times as dramatically effective. A possible explanation for the contradictory nature of the outcome literature might be discrepancies in procedural conditions and subject variables in the studies which have been reported.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1978
Reinforcement (Psychology)

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