BDNF trafficking and signaling impairment during early neurodegeneration is prevented by moderate physical activity

UNCP Author/Contributor (non-UNCP co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Michael Fernandes de Almeida, Research Specialist (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP )
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Abstract: Physical exercise can attenuate the effects of aging on the central nervous system by increasing the expression of neurotrophins such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which promotes dendritic branching and enhances synaptic machinery, through interaction with its receptor TrkB. TrkB receptors are synthesized in the cell body and are transported to the axonal terminals and anchored to plasma membrane, through SLP1, CRMP2 and Rab27B, associated with KIF1B. Retrograde trafficking is made by EDH-4 together with dynactin and dynein molecular motors. In the present study it was found that early neurodegeneration is accompanied by decrease in BDNF signaling, in the absence of hyperphosphorylated tau aggregation, in hippocampus of 11 months old Lewis rats exposed to rotenone. It was also demonstrated that moderate physical activity (treadmill running, during 6 weeks, concomitant to rotenone exposure) prevents the impairment of BDNF system in aged rats, which may contribute to delay neurodegeneration. In conclusion, decrease in BDNF and TrkB vesicles occurs before large aggregate-like p-Tau are formed and physical activity applied during early neurodegeneration may be of relevance to prevent BDNF system decay.

Additional Information

IBRO Reports 1, 2016
Language: English
Date: 2016
TrkB receptor, Treadmill running, Hyperphosphorylated Tau, Early neurodegeneration, Aging, Hippocampus

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