Gender Differences when Coping with Depression

UNCP Author/Contributor (non-UNCP co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jerica Janney (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP )
Web Site:
Shilpa Reagan

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the gender differences of coping mechanisms in a depressed sample. The hypothesis was that men use more problem-focused coping mechanisms (i.e. planning, active coping, restraint coping, use of past experiences, and suppression of competing activities), whereas women use more emotion-focused coping mechanisms (i.e. religion, ruminative coping, and avoidance coping) and tend to seek more social support. There were 94 men and women participants aged from 18-22 attending a Southeastern University. They voluntarily completed a questionnaire containing four measures: BEM Sex Role Inventory, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, coping measure, and demographic measure. Overall, there were no significant gender differences in coping mechanisms. The results of this study contrasted with other studies about gender differences of coping mechanisms. Other studies found that men use more problem-focused coping mechanism, whereas females use more emotion-focused coping strategies and seek social support more often. This implies that gender differences have been decreasing over time.

Additional Information

Honors Project
Esther G. Maynor Honors Project
Language: English
Date: 2017
Gender Differences, Coping Mechanisms, Depression, College Students

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