A cotton miRNA is involved in regulation of plant response to salt stress

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Shuai Gao (Creator)
Hua Li (Creator)
Di Sun (Creator)
Fuliang Xie (Creator)
Zhi Min Yang (Creator)
Lu Yang (Creator)
Hou Qing Zeng (Creator)
Baohong Zhang (Creator)
Zhao Sheng Zhou (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/

Abstract: The present study functionally identified a new microRNA (microRNA ovual line 5, miRNVL5) with its target gene GhCHR from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). The sequence of miRNVL5 precursor is 104 nt long, with a well developed secondary structure. GhCHR contains two DC1 and three PHD Cys/His-rich domains, suggesting that GhCHR encodes a zinc-finger domain-containing transcription factor. miRNVL5 and GhCHR express at various developmental stages of cotton. Under salt stress (50–400?mM NaCl), miRNVL5 expression was repressed, with concomitant high expression of GhCHR in cotton seedlings. Ectopic expression of GhCHR in Arabidopsis conferred salt stress tolerance by reducing Na+ accumulation in plants and improving primary root growth and biomass. Interestingly, Arabidopsis constitutively expressing miRNVL5 showed hypersensitivity to salt stress. A GhCHR orthorlous gene At2g44380 from Arabidopsis that can be cleaved by miRNVL5 was identified by degradome sequencing, but no confidential miRNVL5 homologs in Arabidopsis have been identified. Microarray analysis of miRNVL5 transgenic Arabidopsis showed six downstream genes (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3, ERF4, AT3G22920, and AT3G49200), which were induced by salt stress in wild-type but repressed in miRNVL5-expressing Arabidopsis. These results indicate that miRNVL5 is involved in regulation of plant response to salt stress.

Additional Information

Scientific Reports; 6: p. 1-14
Language: English
Date: 2016
Abiotic, Plant physiology

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