Cdc6 expression represses E-cadherin transcription and activates adjacent replication origins

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Konstantinos Evangelou (Creator)
Sarantis Gagos (Creator)
Alexandros G. Georgakilas (Creator)
Kalliopi Gkouskou (Creator)
Kristina Grabusic (Creator)
Kaoru Kahata (Creator)
Athanassios Kotsinas (Creator)
Michalis Liontos (Creator)
Emmanouil Rampakakis (Creator)
Maria Sideridou (Creator)
Ioannis P. Trougakos (Creator)
Kol Trougakos (Creator)
Roubini Zakopoulou (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site:

Abstract: E-cadherin (CDH1) loss occurs frequently in carcinogenesis, contributing to invasion and metastasis. We observed that mouse and human epithelial cell lines overexpressing the replication licensing factor Cdc6 underwent phenotypic changes with mesenchymal features and loss of E-cadherin. Analysis in various types of human cancer revealed a strong correlation between increased Cdc6 expression and reduced E-cadherin levels. Prompted by these findings, we discovered that Cdc6 repressed CDH1 transcription by binding to the E-boxes of its promoter, leading to dissociation of the chromosomal insulator CTCF, displacement of the histone variant H2A.Z, and promoter heterochromatinization. Mutational analysis identified the Walker B motif and C-terminal region of Cdc6 as essential for CDH1 transcriptional suppression. Strikingly, CTCF displacement resulted in activation of adjacent origins of replication. These data demonstrate that Cdc6 acts as a molecular switch at the E-cadherin locus, linking transcriptional repression to activation of replication, and provide a telling example of how replication licensing factors could usurp alternative programs to fulfill distinct cellular functions.

Additional Information

The Journal of Cell Biology; 195:7 p. 1123-1140
Language: English
Date: 2011

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