Exercise-induced QT/R-R–interval hysteresis as a predictor of myocardial ischemia

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joseph M. Starobin, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Objectives: Exercise-induced QT/RR hysteresis exists when, for a given R-R interval, the QT interval duration is shorter during recovery after exercise than during exercise. We sought to assess the association between QT/RR hysteresis and imaging evidence of myocardial ischemia.Background: Because ischemia induces cellular disturbances known to decrease membrane action potential duration, we hypothesized a correlation between QT/RR and myocardial ischemia.Methods: We digitally analyzed 4-second samples of QT duration and R-R–interval duration in 260 patients referred for treadmill exercise stress and rest single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging; a cool-down period was used after exercise. None of the patients were in atrial fibrillation or used digoxin, and none had marked baseline electrocardiographic abnormalities. Stress and rest myocardial perfusion images were analyzed visually and quantitatively to define the extent and severity of stress-induced ischemia. QT/RR hysteresis was calculated using a computerized algorithm.Results: There were 82 patients (32%) who manifested myocardial ischemia by single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging. The likelihood of ischemia increased with increasing QT/RR hysteresis, with prevalence according to quartiles of 20%, 30%, 26%, and 49% (P = .003 for trend). In analyses adjusting for ST-segment changes, exercise capacity, heart rate recovery, and other confounders, QT/RR hysteresis was independently predictive of presence of myocardial ischemia (adjusted odds ratio for 100-point increase of QT/RR hysteresis, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-2.12; P = .0008). QT/RR hysteresis was also predictive of severe ischemia.Conclusion: Exercise-induced QT/RR hysteresis is a strong and independent predictor of myocardial ischemia and provides additional information beyond that afforded by standard ST-segment measures.

Additional Information

Journal of Electrocardiology, 39(3), 315-323
Language: English
Date: 2006
QT/RR hysteresis, Ischemia, myocardial ischemia, Exercise

Email this document to