Hypoxia and Serum Deprivation in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Protective Role of Thymosin [Beta]-4

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Katherine L. Crifasi (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/
Barbara J. Muller-Borer

Abstract: Background: Current literature suggests nutrient deprivation and hypoxia affect human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) survival after cell transplantation. Wound-healing protein Thymosin [beta]-4 (T[beta]-4) has been shown to improve hMSC proliferation and prevent apoptosis. This study examines the effects of nutrient deprivation and hypoxia on hMSC survival and the pro-survival effect of pre-treatment with T[beta]-4. Methods: Early hMSC cultures at 48 hours were grown under nutrient deprivation (1.5% FBS media) a 24-hour 1.0 [mu]g/mL [beta]-4 pre-treatment and 24 hours of hypoxia (1% O[subscript]2). Proliferation of hMSCs was evaluated by a 3-(4 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay and intracellular stress was examined by a Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) assay. In addition hMSCs were grown for 2 weeks in complete media (16.5% FBS) then nutrient-deprived (1.5% FBS media) with a 24-hour 1.0 [mu]g/mL T[beta]-4 pre-treatment followed by 24 hours of hypoxia (1% O[subscript]2). Proliferation was measured with immunocytochemistry using a Ki-67 antibody. Protein expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1[alpha]) Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor- alpha (VEGF-[alpha]) caspase-3 B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Connexin 43 (Cx43) were measured with western blot. Results: In 48-hour cell cultures nutrient-deprived hMSCs had significantly increased ROS production (p< .01) and decreased proliferation compared to hMSCs in complete media; hypoxia had no effect. T[beta]-4-treated hMSCs showed decreased ROS production and increased proliferation compared to non-treated hMSCs. In 2-week hMSC cultures nutrient deprivation and hypoxia resulted in elevated caspase-3 protein expression. Hypoxia increased HIF-1[alpha] and VEGF-[alpha] expression in complete media and nutrient-deprived media. Additionally T[beta]-4-treated hMSCs showed increased HIF-1[alpha] and VEGF-[alpha] expression under normoxia and hypoxia. In T[beta]-4-treated hMSCs expression of Bcl-2 increased under normoxia and Cx43 expression increased under hypoxia. Discussion: These findings suggest that nutrient deprivation is the predominant factor affecting hMSC survival in early cultures. However T[beta]-4 may promote hMSC survival in a nutrient-deprived environment in early and expanded cultures. Further studies regarding T[beta]-4 effectiveness will shed insight into its potential as a therapeutic agent in hMSC transplantation. 

Additional Information

Date: 2013
Biology, Medicine, human mesenchymal stem cells, hypoxia, serum deprivation, thymosin beta-4
Mesenchymal stem cells
Cell transplantation
Stem cells--Transplantation
Culture media (Biology)

Email this document to

This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
Hypoxia and Serum Deprivation in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Protective Role of Thymosin [Beta]-4http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3712The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.